“Those who sit with me know this about me, I am always one of those who most emphatically forbid describing a specific person (among the Muslims) as a kaafir, faasiq or sinner, unless it is Known That Shariah Proof Has Been Established Against Him, and it has been proven whether he is a kaafir, a faasiq or a sinner.”

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaahu Ta’aala)

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (3/229)

Saturday, April 19, 2014

I Testify That Muhammad Is His Servant And Messenger

"I testify that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger."

Concerning his saying: "I testify that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger."

The Commentary

*We say "I testify" what we said regarding the first "I testify"

*"Muhammad" is the son of 'Abdul-Muttalib Al-Qurashi Al-Hashimi, from the progeny of Isma'il bin Ibrahim, who is of the most honorable descent.

The honorable Prophet is the servant and Messenger of Allah who worshiped Allah most among all people,and he is the strongest regarding the establishment of His worship. He  was used to observing prayer in the night until his feet would become swollen, and it would be said to him: "Why are you doing all of this, while Allah has forgiven your previous and future sins?" He would reply: "Shouldn't I be a grateful servant?"(Reported by Al-Bukhari #4837) This is because Allah, the most High, praised the grateful servant when He said, regarding Nuh:

"Verily, he was a grateful slave." (Al-Isra 17:3)

The Prophet   therefore aspired to reach this height, and to worship Allah as He deserves to be worshipped. Hence, he was the person with the most Taqwa among the people, the one who feared Allah most among the people, and the one who craved most for that which Allah, the Most High.

So, he is the servant of Allah; which implies that he can neither benefit nor harm, neither himself, nor others. He does not have any right to Lordship at all. Rather, he was a servant in need of Allah, wanting Him, asking Him, supplicating to Him, hoping from him, and fearing Him. Rather, Allah ordered him to publicize and specifically convey, that he did not possess any of these matters. So, He said:

"Say: 'I possess no power of benefit or hurt to  myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the unseen, I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me." (Al-A'raf 7:188)

He also ordered him to say:

"Say: 'I don't tell you that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an Angel. I but follow what is revealed to me by inspiration." (Al-An'am 6:50)

And order Him to say:

"Say: 'It is not my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right path.'Say: 'None can protect me from Allah's punishment (if I were to disobey Him),  nor should I find refuge except in Him. (Mine is) but conveyance (of the truth)~ (Al-Jinn 72:21-23)

(but) is an interrupted exception. Meaning: I only convey (this) on behalf of Allah and His Messages.

The Summary of the matter is that Muhammad  is a servant of Allah. And this servitude implies that he does not have any right, at all, in any affairs of Lordship.

If this is the confirmed status of Muhammad    what do you think of other servants of Allah who are (all) definitely below him? They can never benefit nor harm, neither themselves nor others. This will make clear the imprudence of those who call on those whom they consider as saints, instead of calling upon Allah, the Mighty and Sublime.

*His saying: "and His Messenger": This is also a designation that should not be used for anybody after Allah's Messenger, because he is the seal (end) of the Prophets. He is the Messenger of Allah who reached a place that had never been reached by any other human being. Rather, not even by any angel from what we know, except, by Allah, those who carry the Throne. He reached above the seventh heaven, and heard the scratching of the Pens of Al-Qada (The Decree), Note: Based on the report of Al-Bukhari (349)Ibn Abbas, radiyallahu anhu and Abu Habbah Al-Ansari radiyallahu anhu both said that the Prophet  said: "Then I was taken up (into the seven heavens) until I reached the level where I heard the squeaking of the Pens." with which Allah the Might and Sublime, decrees regarding His Creatures. From what we know, nobody ever reached this station.

And Allah. the Might and Sublime, spoke to him directly, without any intermediary. and sent him to all the creation, and supported him with the marvelous signs that no human being or Messenger before him had; that is, this Magnificent Qur'an. For indeed, this Qur'an does not have an equal in any signs given in the earlier Prophets. Hence Allah , the Most High says:

"And they say: Why are not the signs sent down to him from his Lord? Say: 'The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner." Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur'an) which is recited to them?" (Al-Ankabut 29:50-51)

This suffices from all things; but (only) for he who has a heart, and can hear and witness. As for the adversary, he would say as was said by those (adversaries) before him: "These are but tales of the ancients."

In short Muhammad   is Allah;s Messenger, and the seal (end) of the Prophets. Allah ended  Prophethood with him, and the Messengership as well. Because when Prophethood has ended, which is more general that Messengership, then Messengership, which in particular, has also ended. Therefore, the Messenger of Allah  is the seal (end) of the Prophets.

Book 1 Aqeedah al -Wasitiyyah (p56-60)

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