“Those who sit with me know this about me, I am always one of those who most emphatically forbid describing a specific person (among the Muslims) as a kaafir, faasiq or sinner, unless it is Known That Shariah Proof Has Been Established Against Him, and it has been proven whether he is a kaafir, a faasiq or a sinner.”

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaahu Ta’aala)

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (3/229)

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

"May the Salah of Allah be upon him, his Al, and his Companions, and Sallam, with abundant Taslim."

"May the Salah of Allah be upon him, his Al, and his Companions, and Sallam, with abundant Taslim."

*His saying: "May the Salah of Allah be upon him, his Al, and his Companions, and Sallam, with abundant Taslim."

The Commentary

*Concerning the meaning of "May the Salah of Allah be upon him", the best that is said regarding this, is what Abu Al-Aliyah,may Allah have Mercy upon him, said: 'Allah's Salah upon His Messenger is His praise for him in the most exalted assembly (the assembly of the Angels)." Note: Reported by Al-Bukhari from Abu Al-Aliyah in the Tasfir Surat Al-Ahzab, the chapter: "Indeed Allah and Angels send Salah upon the Prophet (prior to number 4797). See Fath (Al-Bari) 8:532. And its chain was connected by Al-Qadi Isma'il bin Ishaq Al-Jahdami in Fadlis-Salat 'Alam-Nabi    (95) with Hasan chain of transmission as was said by Shaykh Al-Albani.

As for those who interpreted 'Salah'  as 'mercy', then their statement is weak; since mercy is for everyone. That is why the scholars are in agreement (consensus) concerning the permissibility of saying: "So and so, may Allah have mercy upon him," and they differ regarding the permissibility of saying: "So and so, May the Salah  of Allah be upon him." And this proves that 'Salah' is different from 'mercy'. Besides. Allah, the most High, has said:

"They are those whom are the Salahs from their Lord, and mercy." (Al-Baqarah 2:157)

(The use of) conjuction implies variance. Therefore, Salah is more specific than mercy. Hence, the Salah of Allah upon His Messenger is his praise for him in the most exalted assembly.

Also his statement: "And is upon his Al": and his Al" means those who follow him in his religion. This is when "Al" is mentioned alone with the Companions, then, it refers to all his followers upon his religion, since he was sent (as Messenger) until the Day of Resurrection.

What proves that "Al" refers to those who follow his religion, is the statement of the Most High regarding the Al of Fir'awn:

"The Fire; they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon, and on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the Angels): "Cause of Fir'awn to enter the severest torment!"  (Ghafir 40:46)

Meaning those who followed his religion.

However, if it is coupled with the Atba' (followers), such as saying: 'his Al and his Atba';  then the Al are those believers from among Al Al-Bait (the Household); meaning the Household of the Messenger  .

And Shaykh Al- Islam  Ibn Tamiyyah may Allah have Mercy upon him, did not mention the Atba' here; he (only) said: "his Al and his Companions." Thus, we say: His Al are those who follow him in his religion, while his Companions are those who met the Prophet , believing in him, and died upon that.

Joining the Companions to the Al here, is way of joining the specific to the general; because Companionship is more specific than the general following.

*Concerning his saying: "Sallam" abundant Taslim."

In the word "Sallam" there is freedom from haram and danger, while in the word Salah there is the attainment of various  kinds of good. Therefore, in this phase, the author combined asking Allah, the Most High, to provide various kind of good for His Prophet- the most special of which is praising him among the most exalted assembly-along with warding off evil from  him; and those who followed him.

*Concerning his statement: "abundant (Mazida)": it means extra or additional. What intended is Taslim (peace) added to the Salah . So, it is another supplication, for Salam (peace), after the (supplication) for Salah.

The (meaning of) Messenger according to the people of knowledge is: He who was given a particular Shari'ah (Legislative Law) and was ordered to convey it.

He was made a Prophet by:

"Read."  (Al-Alaq 96:1)

And he was made a Messenger by (SurahAl-Muddaththir (See Sahih Al-Bukhari no:3-4)

Thus, by the statement by the Most High:

" Read In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists)".

To His statement:

"Has taught man that which he knew not." (Al-Alaq 96:1-5)

He became a Prophet, Likewise, by His statement:

"O you Muhammad (enveloped in garments)"! Arise and warn!."   (Al-Muddaththir 74:1-2)

He became a Messenger .

Book 1Aqeedah Al-Wasitiyyah (p.60-64) 

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