“Those who sit with me know this about me, I am always one of those who most emphatically forbid describing a specific person (among the Muslims) as a kaafir, faasiq or sinner, unless it is Known That Shariah Proof Has Been Established Against Him, and it has been proven whether he is a kaafir, a faasiq or a sinner.”

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaahu Ta’aala)

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (3/229)

Sunday, September 11, 2016

"And His Angels" Part 1

"And His Angels": Al-Mala'ikah (Angels) is plural for Mal'ak. The origin of Mal'ak is Ma'lak, it being from Al-Alukah, Al-Alukah, linguistically , means "the message" Allah, the Most High, said:

"{Who made the Angels, messengers with wings, two...} (Fatir 35:1)

Hence the Angels are part of the unseen world. Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, created them from light, and made them obedient and subservient to Him. Each of them has specific functions assigned to him by Allah. We know of some of their functions:

Firstly: Jibril who is entrusted with Wahi (Divine Revelation), He descends with it from Allah, the Most High, to the Messengers.

Secondly: Israfil, who is entrusted with the responsibility for blowing the Sur (Trumpet). He is also one of the bearers of the Throne.

Thirdly: Mika'il, who is entrusted with the rainfall and plant life.

These three are entrusted with what brings life. Jibril was entrusted with the Wahi, wherein lies the life of hearts, Maka'il is entrusted with rainfall and plants, wherein lies the life of the earth, and Israfil is entrusted with the lowing of the Sur (Trumpet), wherein lies the life of the (dead) bodies on the Promised Day.

This is why the Prophet used to petition Allah by His Lordship, mentioning them (the Angels) in his opening supplication during the voluntary night prayer, He would say:"O Allah, the Lord of Jibril, Mika'il and Israfil! The Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Knower of the unseen and the seen! You shall judge among your servants regarding that which they differed. Guide me by your permission to the truth regarding that which is differed over. You certainly guide whomever you will, to the Straight Path."Reported by Muslim (770) This is the supplication that he used to say during the voluntary night prayer, mentioning  them while petitioning Allah by His Lordship.

We also know that among them are those who are entrusted with the taking the souls of humans or anything that has a soul. They are Malak Al Mawt (the Angel of death) and his deputies. He (Malak Al-Mawt) is not to be referred to as 'Izra'il, because it is not confirmed from the Prophet that this is his name. Allah says:

{Until when death approaches one of you. Our Messengers (Angel of Death and his assistants) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty} (Al-An'am 6:61)

He, the Most High, also said:

{Say: "The Angel of Death, who is set over you, will take yours souls} (As-Sajdah 32:11)

And He, the Mighty, and Exalted, said:

{It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death} (Az-Zumar 39:42)

There is no contradiction between these three verses, for the Angels take the soul. Because when Malak Al-Mawt seizes the soul from the body, other Angels will be present with him. If the deceased is an inhabitant of Jannah (Paradise),they will have perfume and a shroud from Jannah with them, they will take this blessed soul, and wrap it in the shroud, and ascend therewith to Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, until it is between the two hands of Allah. He would the say (to them): "Write the record of my servant in the Illiyyin and return it to the earth." Thus, the soul will then be returned to the body for the trial  (of the grave and would then be asked): "Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your Prophet?"

But if the deceased is an unbeliever- we seek refuge in Allah (from that)- then, the Angels would descend with a shroud and stench from the Fire, take the soul, wrap it in this shroud, and ascend with it to the heavens; however the gates of the heavens will be closed before it, then it will be flung to the earth. Allah, the Most High, says:

{And whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from he sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place} (Al-Hajj 22:31).

Commentary on Al 'Aqeedah Al-Wasitiyyah (p.77.80)

Transcribed By

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